The next Historical Perspectives seminar takes place on Wednesday January 17th at 5pm in the Seminar Room at Lilybank House, University of Glasgow.
The speakers for the January Historical Perspectives Seminar will be:
Saskia Millmann, University of Glasgow:
‘Racial persecuted researchers at the LMU Munich: Migration, remigration and rehabilitation post-1945’
‘This dissertation, which was handed in at the Department of Jewish History at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich in July 2017, examined for the first time how the persecution of Jews affected professors and researchers at the University of Munich. The dissertation analysed four main aspects: The period and effects of national socialist persecution from 1933 until 1936, the period of migration between 1933-1939, the motives for remigrating back to Germany and the rehabilitation efforts of the LMU post 1945.
The main sources used were personal files, senate files, other university documents as well as lists produced by the Bavarian Ministry for Education in 1933 and 1935. All archival resources used in this dissertation were from the University Archive Munich, as well as the Bavarian Main State Archive and the City Archive Munich.
My research was able to identify 34 “non-aryan” researcher at the LMU Munich, which included eight Jewish researchers and 21 researchers with Jewish heritage. I would therefore like to present how those researchers were affected on an individual basis. The main research questions for this aspect were: “When were those researchers expelled from the University”; “Were there any abnormalities regarding their dismissals”; “What were the target countries for the emigrants” or “Which provisions were made by the LMU after the war to rehabilitate the racially persecuted researchers?”’
Farheen Hasan, University of Glasgow:
‘Past Captive of the Present: The Polarised Historiography of Aurangzeb’
‘In both British and post-colonial India religious identities have frequently been invoked for political ends, thereby creating tensions between Hindus and Muslims. Several scholars contend that the religious conflicts have their origin in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (1658-1707), and that they resulted from his persecution of Hindus. This account of Aurangzeb’s reign has been subject to challenges and the historiography on Aurangzeb’s reign is highly polarized. Some historians characterize Aurangzeb as a zealot, while others argue that his policies have been misrepresented. This paper presents a historiographical analysis of the contradictory interpretations of Aurangzeb’s rule and situates the same in the changing political contexts of his posterity. The paper seeks to explain the causes of disagreement amongst scholars on the basis of an analysis of Aurangzeb’s three most controversial initiatives: (i) the re-imposition of Jizya, (ii) the destruction of (some) Hindu temples, and (iii) alleged preferential hiring of Muslims. One case of disagreement is visible in Aurangzeb’s hiring policies: Stanley Poole (1901) claimed that Aurangzeb employed an “inferior, ill-educated” class of Muslims, while Athar Ali (1966) argued that Aurangzeb’s administration comprised a higher number of non-Muslim nobles than any prior Mughal ruler. Examining and explaining the political contexts that have influenced the conflicting accounts of Aurangzeb’s reign, the paper concludes with a discussion that ascertains if Aurangzeb’s agency was so great that it could continue to influence religious divisions in contemporary India, or if Aurangzeb has become an eternal captive of the present.’
Refreshments will be provided, and you’re invited to join us for a drink afterwards to socialise and for further discussion.